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(来源:老牌的英语学习网站 http://ccyuping.com)


时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  1、It is the only major language without an academy to guide it.


  L’Académie fran?aise, based in Paris, is in charge of overseeing the French language. For Spanish there is the Real Academia Espa?ola. German has the Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung. There is no equivalent to L’Académie for English. Of the 10 most-widely spoken languages in the world, only English has no academy guiding it.


时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  2、More than 1 billion people are learning English as you read this.


  According to the British Council, around 1 billion people around the world were learning English in 2000. This figure is now likely to be significantly higher.


时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  3、96 of the 100 most common English words are Germanic.

时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  英语中100个最常用词中96个来自日耳曼语。

  Of the hundred most frequently used words in English, 96 have Germanic roots. Together, those 100 words make up more than 50% of the Oxford English Corpus, which currently contains over 2 billion words found in writing around the world.

时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  100个使用频率最高的英语词汇中,96个有日耳曼语词根。总的来说,牛津英语语料库词汇有超过一半由这100个词汇组成——目前涵盖世界各地书面语中超过20亿的词汇。

时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  Surprised? The most frequently used words are the meat and bones of the language, the essentials that make communication work, including I, you, go, eat, and so on.


   4、But most words that have entered the language since 1066 have Latin origins.


时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  The Renaissance, which started in Italy and reached England via France, was a massive source of new vocabulary. New ideas, or old ideas rediscovered, started flooding out of the southern cities but there were no words to describe them in English. So the language adopted or adapted the Latin words. During the Renaissance, the English lexicon roughly doubled in size.


时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金   5、For more than a century, the English aristocracy couldn’t speak English.

时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  有一个世纪多的时间,英国贵族不会说英语。

时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  William the Conqueror tried to learn English at the age of 43 but gave up. Within 20 years of the Normans taking power in England, almost all of the local religious institutions were French-speaking. There is little to suggest that aristocrats themselves spoke English. It isn’t until the end of the 12th Century that we have evidence of the children of the English aristocracy with English as a first language.


  6、That is why Latin words sound more prestigious than Germanic ones.

时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  这就是为什么拉丁词汇比日耳曼词汇听上去更高大上。

时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  Think about the difference between a house (Germanic) and a mansion (French), or between starting something and commencing, between calling something kingly or regal. English has a huge number of close synonyms, where the major difference is the level of formality or prestige. The prestigious form is almost always the Latin one.


时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  7、The concept of “correct” spelling is fairly recent.


时时彩平台推荐网站送彩金  Shakespeare, for example, was liberal in his spellings of words, often using multiple variants within a single text; his name itself has been spelt in many different ways over the centuries.


  8、One man is largely responsible for the differences between American and British spelling.

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